SEED & BREAD
THE ONE MEDIATOR
Some truths declared in the Bible are dispensational. They apply only to
certain periods of time. Other truths are everlasting. They have been
true from the moment they were revealed and always will be true. They
are not subject to dispensational changes. The present-day believer in
the Lord Jesus Christ should always be seeking out God's distinctive
truths for today. His goal should ever be "to be established in the
present truth" (2 Pet. 1:12).
Of all the truths in God's Word that must be classified as present
truth, there is none more important than that declared by Paul when he
proclaimed "one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus" (1
Tim. 2:5). This is a distinct truth that is true only in the
dispensation of the grace of God. It was not true before Paul's great
declaration in Acts 28:28 (See Issue No. 11), it is true now, and it
will not be true in the coming dispensation of God's government.
The great truth of one mediator between God and men has never been
emphasised as it should be. It has not been followed out to all its
conclusions. The writings of men will be searched in vain for even one
interpretation which allows this great declaration to mean what it
specifically says. This is probably due to the fact that the majority
who seek to serve God in some capacity would like to believe that they
are mediators in some respect. They strike the pose and give out the
idea that they enjoy some mediatorial position. Thus with so many
thinking that they are mediators and multitudes desiring them to so be,
the result is indescribable confusion. God's emphatic declaration that
there is now only one mediator denies the proud claims and wishes of so
many that it will be believed and received by very few.
Honesty in interpretation demands that we define the word mediator and
that we do this by means of its usage in the Word of God. There are many
who stultify the truth here by making a mediator to be a god or a
saviour. This is not true. A mediator is always between two parties, but
a saviour need not be. This truth is expressly declared in Gal. 3:20
where we are told that "a mediator is not a mediator of one". A
passer-by rescuing a child who has fallen into deep water becomes a
saviour, but not a mediator. He did not act between two parties.
The Greek word for "mediator" is mesites. It is found six times in the
New Testament and means one in the middle between two parties who acts
as a transmitter. In fact transmission is the most important idea in
this word. Most lexicons say that it means "one in the middle between
two parties that are at variance", but this idea of "variance" is an
unwarranted addition that is refuted by its usage in the New Testament.
In Gal. 3:19 we are told that the law which was given to Israel at Mount
Sinai was "ordained by angels in the hands of a mediator." This mediator
was Moses. He transmitted God's commandments to Israel at a time when
there was no variance between God and this people. He said to them when
He proposed the covenant: "Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians,
and how I bare you on eagles wings and brought you unto Myself" (Exo.
19:4). These words reveal the closeness of their relationship at that
time. Furthermore, if mediator means one who operates between two
parties at variance, then Jesus Christ is not the mediator of those who
have been reconciled to God.
Beyond all question, the Word of God declares that Moses was a mediator
between God and Israel. He transmitted the law from God to Israel and
afterward acted as an arbiter between the two. Later when Aaron became
the high priest and was the only man who could perform certain services
in relationship with God, he too became a mediator. These things being
true, it would have been a falsehood to have proclaimed at that time
"one mediator between God and men". This was not truth at that time.
In the days of the Lord Jesus upon the earth we find the mediatorial
position of the twelve Apostles emphasised when He said to them, "He
that receiveth you receiveth Me" (Matt. 10:40). Later He said to them,
"I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou
shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt
loose on earth will be loosed in heaven" ( Matt. 16:19). When this
promise became a reality He breathed on them and said, "Receive ye the
Holy Spirit: whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them;
and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained" (John 20:22,23). If
words mean anything, these words established them as mediators between
God and men. They were in the middle as transmitters of both good and
ill from God. The great truth of "one mediator" was evidently not truth
for that time.
We see this mediatorial power at work in Acts 3:1-8 when Peter said to
the lame man who had never walked, "I have no silver or gold to give to
you, but that which I do have I transmit to you. In the name of Jesus
Christ the Nazarene, Walk!" His words and his acts were those of a
mediator. The blessing of healing and health flowed out of God in Christ
and down through Peter to this lame man.
Another clear example of men acting as mediators is seen in Acts
8:12-17. After Philip's successful ministry in Samaria, the Apostles at
Jerusalem sent Peter and John to these new converts. After praying for
these men, we are told "they laid their hands on them and they received
the Holy Spirit". These Apostles were not originators. They were the
transmitters of this gift of God.
The chief characteristic of the thirty-three year period of which the
Books of Acts is the history was the presence of many mediators between
God and men. Every apostle, prophet, evangelist, herald, healer, miracle
worker, and governor was a mediator. They received from God and
transmitted it to men. To have proclaimed the truth of "one mediator
between God and men" in that thirty-three year period would have been to
proclaim a lie and deny the very work that God was doing.
The greatest of all human mediators in the Acts period was the Apostle
Paul, the very one who later proclaimed the great truth of "one mediator
between God and men". This paradox in his life cannot be explained
unless the Acts 28:28 dispensational change is recognised. After Paul's
conversion God declared of him, "He is a chosen vessel unto Me, to bear
My name before both the nations and their kings, also the sons of
Israel" (Acts 9:15). If ever any man was placed in the middle to
transmit the inspired message from God to men, it was this man Paul.
Later he insists that his mediatorial position be recognised when he
says, "Inasmuch as I am the apostle (commissioned one) to the nations, I
magnify my office" (Rom. 11:13). Again Paul puts the Roman Christians in
mind of his mediatorial position when he says: "That I should be the
minister of Jesus Christ to the nations, ministering (acting as a priest
of) the gospel of God, that the offering up of the nations might be
acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Spirit" (Rom. 15:16).
The truth of "one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus"
provides us with a positive key to the right division of the word of
truth. In the Acts period every believing Israelite became a mediator in
some manner. Paul's entire ministry in that time was one of receiving
the message and transmitting it to men (1 Thess. 2:13). He spoke the
inspired word as it was given by God. All of this ceased at Acts 28:28,
and its cessation was confirmed when he announced the present truth of
The truth of "one mediator" also provides a criterion, a most positive
touchstone, in judging the claims of men today. Any man who in any
manner assumes the mediatorial position, no matter how small, is out of
the will of God. His assumption is a positive denial of this great
truth, and in turn this truth is a denial of his assumption. "Let God be
true, but every man a liar", certainly applies here (Rom. 3:4).
The mediatorial position is assumed today by all who claim the gift of
healing. "I cannot heal you, it is God that heals you through me", is
the proud claim made by these self-appointed mediators. Oral Roberts
says that God revealed to him that the power to heal would be in his
right hand. By this claim he makes his hand to be the mediator, the
transmitter of God's gift of health. His claim is false when judged in
the light of the great truth of "one mediator between God and men".
Some may point out that there is no word for "between" in the original,
and that it should read "one mediator of God and men". This is true, but
it changes it not at all. The idea of "between" is inherent in the Greek
word mesites and we can best say it in English by the words "mediator
Others will point out the fact that Paul continued to receive the
inspired word after Acts 28:28. This is also true, but it was not a
direct transmission from God through Paul to men as it so often was in
the Acts period. It was God transmitting His words through Paul to a
The great truth of "one mediator between God and men" tells us why there
is no angelic ministry today. The services of angels in behalf of
mankind were quite prominent in the Acts period (Acts 1:10; 5:19; 10:3,
12:7, 27:23). Angelic ministry came to an end at Acts 28:28. At present
the believer is shut up to Jesus Christ and to Him alone. We must find
Him to be all-sufficient and find our completeness in Him (Col. 2:10).
Why turn to the spirits that peep and mutter and try to find in them the
transmission of Gods light and truth? Why turn to the sun, moon,
planets, and stars and place them in the mediatorial position as the
astrologers are doing today? Why turn to the dead who know not anything
(Eec. 9:5) and seek to place them as transmitters of God's truth to you?
All these practices are shown to be false by the truth of one mediator
between God and men, the man Christ Jesus. Let us do nothing which by
word or deed denies this great truth.
Issue no. 017