SEED & BREAD
THE FATHER AND THE SON.
At one point in the ministry of the Lord Jesus He healed a man who had
suffered from an infirmity for thirty-eight years. When the man reported
this miracle to the rulers of the Jews, they sought to slay Him because
He had done this on the sabbath day (Jn. 5:15,16). The answer of Jesus
to them was, "My Father worketh hitherto, and I work" (Jn. 5:17).
Because of this they sought more fervently to kill Him, declaring, "He
not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was His Father,
making Himself equal with God" (Jn. 5:18).
If the Lord Jesus had not meant here what these Jews understood Him to
say and to mean, He should and could and would have said, "But this is
not what I mean." But He allowed it to stand, thus providing us with a
clear attestation regarding His position in the Deity. The Father and
the Son are equal.
Those who profess to be Christians are exhorted to grow in grace and in
the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ (2 Pet. 3:18). To
increase in the knowledge of Him should be the perpetual aim of every
believer. But, alas, few ever do this, for the average professing
Christian never advances beyond the few rudiments that he learned in
childhood, and even these are often erroneous and confused. These need
to be corrected, especially those childish ideas that are related to the
titles "the Father" and "the Son."
"The Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world" (1 Jn. 4:14).
This declaration is a major item in the record God has given of His Son.
However, it seems that most who hear this are inclined to equate it with
a man sending his boy to perform some stupendous task. The foolishness
of this is seen in the fact that "saving the world" is not a boy's job,
not even a man's job. None but God can save the world. There never was
but one Saviour, and this is the LORD (Jehovah) of the Old Testament
revelation. He declares, "I, even I, am the Lord (Jehovah); and beside
Me there is no Saviour (Isa. 43.11). In view of this declaration if the
Son of God is not God then He cannot qualify as the Saviour. We must
believe the words of Him who said, "There is no God beside Me; a just
God and a Saviour; there is none beside Me. Look unto Me and be ye
saved, all the ends of the earth, for I am God and there is none else" (Isa.
We cannot understand the Father and the Son relationship by likening it
to a man's relationship with his boy. We need to take to heart God's
question, "To whom will ye liken God? Or what likeness will ye compare
unto Him?" (Isa. 40:18). Also His declaration, "Remember the former
things of old: for I am God, and there is none like Me" (Isa. 46:9). If
we believe these words then let us cease trying to understand the Father
and the Son relationship by likening it to a parent's relationship to a
In the passage that declares that the Father sent the Son to be the
Saviour of the world, the word for "sent" is apostellO. This is not the
word ordinarily used when one is sent from one place to another. When
apostellO is used of a person, it means to commission with full
authority to do the task assigned. The word Father when used of God
always signifies the totality of the Deity of Godhead. It emphasises the
source and sets forth the originator, the arranger, the disposer. When
the Son of God appeared upon the earth, He was a projection of the
Deity. He came from God and He returned to God (Jn. 13:3). When one laid
hold of Him, He laid hold of God. He was the image of the invisible God.
We need to realise that God by virtue of His very nature is able to
project Himself in any form, to any place, for any purpose and still
remain omni-present and centred in all the universe.
Inasmuch as God likens Himself to a river and to the sea, we need not
hesitate to liken Him, in some respects, to the ocean. All oceans have
inlets that are usually called gulfs or bays. If we stood on the shore
of one of these and asked the question, "Which is greater, the ocean or
the bay?" there could be only one answer. From where we stand the ocean
is greater. And yet the bay is a projection of the ocean. Draw from it
and you will be drawing upon the mighty ocean of which it is an
inseparable part. Fill up the bay and the waters will return to the
This illustration will help us to understand why at one point in His
ministry Jesus Christ declared, "My Father is greater than I" (Jn.
14:28). He had charged His disciples with a certain lack of love because
of their failure to rejoice at His return to the Father, an event that
would signify the end of the time of His humiliation and a departure
from the limited and narrow range in the exercise of His attributes. Of
course, the source is greater than the outflow when the outflow is
limited, and He so declares this.
It has often been said that any creature who would dare to announce that
"God is greater than I," would be as guilty of blasphemous folly as the
one who would say, "I am equal to God." To take the place of a man in a
hostile world was not a happy experience for the One who assumed this
place. In Jn. 6:62 He spoke of the Son of Man ascending where He was
before. This refers not just to place but to the position and glory that
had previously been His. His words as to the Father being greater
referred only to His person in its state at that time. We must not be
guilty of taking the language that belongs to the time of His
humiliation and using it as an argument against His Deity.
In Gen. 1:1 we are told that, "In the beginning God (Elohim) created the
heavens and the earth." In Jn. 1:1 we are told that in the beginning was
the Word (Logos) and that the Logos is the Creator of all things (Jn.
1:3). Thus the God who is set forth as the Creator in Gen. 1:1 is the
Word (Logos) in Jn. 1:1-3. Then we are told that the Word (Logos) was
made flesh and dwelt among us (Jn. 1:14). This is the Lord Jesus Christ.
He was the Son of God before He was born in Bethlehem, and He was rich
before He was in poverty upon the earth (2 Cor. 8:9). So again it needs
to be emphasised that "the days of His flesh" is not the proper point to
begin if we are to form a complete and true concept of Him. The "meek
and lowly" Jesus is not the entire story.
At one point in His earthly ministry He declared, "I and my Father are
One." Many futile attempts have been made to reduce this statement,
making it to mean that they are one in purpose, will, and work. And
while this is true, it is not what is being declared here. The reference
is to power, and the power to protect the sheep is due to the equality
between the Father and the Son. "No man shall pluck them out of My hand
- no man is able to pluck them out of My Father," were His words that
preceded the statement of His Oneness with the Father.
When the sharp ears of His critics and detractors heard Him say, "I and
My Father are one," they knew at once what He meant. They took up stones
to stone Him, and when He demanded a reason for such action they
declared it was because, "Thou, being a man, makest thyself God," Jn.
10:33. This is the second time they have so charged Him. He made Himself
to be equal with God (Jn. 5:18), and He made Himself to be God (Jn.
10:33). These are their accusations, but in making them they actually
stated what is now our faith in Him. He is equal to God, for He is God,
equal to the Father as touching His Godhood, even though for a time
inferior to the Father as touching His manhood. Those who try to make
complete separations and sharp distinctions between the Father and the
Son will lose both in so doing.
No distinction should ever be made as to the honour we give to the
Father and to the Son, for it is the directive of God that all should
honour the Son even as they honour the Father, Jn. 5:23.
We can make no distinction in their works. What one does the other does.
The Father works and the Son responds in harmony. Like two great gears,
when one moves the other moves. The Son could do nothing alone. What the
Father did, the Son did also, Jn. 5:19.
In our quest for knowledge we make no distinction between the Father and
the Son, for to know one is to know the other. "If ye had known Me, ye
should have known My Father also," Jn. 8:19.
* As to equality of wisdom we make no distinction. "As the Father
knoweth Me, even so know I the Father," Jn. 10:15. Imagine a spirit
being, an angelic being, or a human being declaring that He knows God as
well as God knows Him.
* As an object of belief we make no distinction
between the Father and the Son. "He that believeth on Me, believeth not
on Me, but on Him that sent Me," Jn. 12:44.
* As an object of comprehension we make no
distinction between the Sender and the One sent. "He that seeth Me seeth
Him that sent Me," Jn. 12:45.
* As for the words of the Father and Son we make no
distinction, for the Son declares that the Father gave Him directions as
to what He should say and speak, Jn. 12:49,50.
* As an object for our faith we make no distinction
between the Father and the Son, for the Son said, "Ye believe in God,
believe also in Me," Jn. 14:1.
* As an object of hatred we can make no distinction
for He declared, "He that hateth Me hateth My Father also," Jn. 15:23.
* As to possessions we make no distinctions. The
Father owns nothing that the Son does not own. The Lord Jesus said, "All
things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that He shall
take of mine, and shall shew it unto you," Jn. 16:15.
* As to the source of eternal life we make no
distinctions between the Father and the Son. Jesus Christ gives eternal
life to all that the Father gives unto Him. Consider Jn. 17:2 and Rom.
06:23. The gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
These things we have learned from personal and assiduous study of the
Word of God. Therefore it should be no surprise to anyone that we are
quite willing with Thomas of old to fall at the feet of the Lord Jesus
and say, "My Lord and my God," Jn. 20:28.
If any problems remain let us remember that the Lord Jesus said, "No man
knoweth who the Son is, but the Father: and who the Father is, but the
Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal Him," Lk. 10:22. If any insist
that they will believe nothing until they understand it all, they will
finish up just as they are now - believing nothing. We declare with the
disciple of old, "Lord I believe, help Thou my unbelief," Mk. 9:24.
Issue no. 003