iii. . EXAMPLES OF EACH PRINCIPLE.
and -1- a middle part; (2) that all the larger members have their own special Structures, in which the
Correspondences of each may be expanded and exhibited.
Introversion and Extended Alternation Combined.
of Scripture very carefully, and note the subject. We mark it A
in which case we must further indent it and mark it C | -, or, we shall find the first subject again
(as in Ps. xix. above). If it be the latter, then we know that we are going to find an alternation,
(and this, either simple as in Ps. xix. above, or repeated as in Ps. cxlv. above), and we must mark it A | -
and put it beneath the A | -. If it is a repetition of the second subject, then we know that it is going to be
Introversion, and must mark it B | - and place it under the B | -.
of Scripture complete in itself, and not a human or arbitrary division.
We read verse 68 with the object of finding and noting its subjects:-" Blessed be the Lord God of Israel
; for he hath visited and redeemed his people." Here, the subject may be either " Visited " or " Redeemed.
" So we give the place of honour to the former of these two words, and write it down, thus :
David." Here there can be no doubt that the subject is Salvation. This we must mark "B," and set it down, indented,
we must set it down under " A " and mark it with an italic "A." Then we read slowly on:-"As he spake by
the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began." It is manifest that we have,
as yet, no repetition of either of the subjects in "A" or "B." If it had been that of "A," it would be a Simple
or Repeated Alternation. If it had been that of "B," we should know that it was going to be an Introversion.
But, it is a fresh subject, which is clearly, "Prophets." So we must mark it " C," and write it down, indenting
it still more, thus
Extended Alternation by the repetition of "A," "B," and " C " ; or it may be an Introversion to be marked
" C," "B," and "A." So we must read on:-" That we should be saved from our enemies, and from the hand
of all that hate us." Here, we still have no Repetition,: but we find a new subject, which is clearly "Enemies."
So we must mark it "D," and write down (still further indenting it) thus:
of some kind, or an Introversion. So we must still read on:-" To perform the mere promised to our fathers,
and to remember his holy covenant." Here, there can be no doubt that we have again a new subject, and that
it must be
Covenant. So we put it down, as before, and still further indent it, thus
must still read on, closely scanning every word, in order to get the clue. We find it in the next verse (v. 73) :-
" The oath which he sware to our father Abraham." Here, at length, we get one of our subjects repeated,
as we were bound to do before long. It is the subject of "E," where the word " Covenant" is repeated in the
synonymous word " Oath," thus indicating the sureness and certainty of the Covenant. We must mark this "E,"
and write it down under the "E," thus
which we may now easily complete and set out, as follows
study and formation of structures will become increasingly easy and happy work.
Advantages of Structure
the Subject of the passage we are studying.
(as we saw under Canon L).
must be in the corresponding member, where it may not be so clearly stated.
the intervening member or members in a parenthesis. We shall therefore have to read on from "A" to "A"
and from "B" to "B," etc., in order to get connected sense, instead of apparent confusion. This may be seen
from any of the above examples, especially Ps, cv. But we may append another beautiful example
and the Scope will give us the key to the meaning of the words.
and to the same passages there considered. We shall thus see how the Structure of the passages which
furnished the several illustrations under Canon I, does indeed give us their Scope: which, in turn, gives us
the meanings of the words in 2 Pet. i. 20, 21 and 1 Pet. iii. 18-20.
chapters, we must not be guided by these human divisions at all in looking for the Structure; neither may we
arbitrarily take a few verses, and say: these form a member by themselves. We mast show that these verses
in question stand in their own special place and have their own proper correspondences in the Epistle as a
whole. In looking, therefore, for the structure of 2 Pet. i. 20 we must first find the Structure of the whole Epistle,
and see where this particular verse comes in; so that we may know of what subject it forms part; and with what
other member it has its correspondence.
distinct parts: Apostolic witness (vv. 16-18); and, the Prophetic word (vv. 19-21).