DEATH, SOUL AND HELL
NEXT to the Old Testament Hebrew word SHEOL, this New Testament Greek word,
HADES, is one of the most important.
Our present object and desire is to discover the way in which the Holy Spirit uses it;
and to find out the sense in which He intends us to understand it. Apart from this, all
our study of the word is useless.
It matters not what men may say, whether Pagan or Christian. Heathen Mythology,
Human Tradition, and Christian Theology have no place in this study. They will lead
us astray instead of guiding us : they will hinder us rather than help us.
The Old Testament has one advantage over the New. Its Hebrew words are the words
of the Holy Spirit and all knowledge of Hebrew starts with the Hebrew Bible. It is the
fountain head of that language; and there is no previous Hebrew literature behind it.
But when we come to the New Testament, the case is entirely different. Here, the
Holy Spirit takes up human words which had been used among the Greeks for centuries,
and had already acquired senses, and meanings, and usages; human in their development
as they were human in their origin. [MORE]
Few words call for more careful study than this; because few words are more obscured in
translation, or are more important in their
Holy Spirit Himself. It can therefore be understood only by our observing the way in
which He has used it; learning there from the meaning He has thus given it.
the Old Testament word Sheol. Hades is a Greek word. It belongs to Greek mythology, and
comes to us surrounded with heathen traditions. These are all discarded, and set for ever
aside, the moment the Holy Spirit takes it up and uses it as the substitute and equivalent
for the Hebrew word Sheol. The Holy Spirit has, in doing this, "purified" it (in accordance
with Ps. 12: 6). Whatever Sheol means in the 01d Testament, that .Hades means in the New
Testament. In Greek works, of course,it still bears the meaning the Greeks put upon it; but
that meaning has no place in Scripture.
has handed down; what man may say; or what we may think. There is only 1 one question :
and that is a matter of supreme importance -What does God say about it; and How does the
Holy Spirit use it in the Word of God? [MORE]
In a previous article we sought to exhibit the meaning of the words commonly
of millions say YES! One of the fundamental beliefs of the mainstream "Christian "
religions is that of the immortality of the soul! On this belief is based the concept
of an ever-burning hell fire as punishment for the wicked, and heaven as the reward
for the saved. Belief in an "immortal soul " in some form or another was commonplace
among heathen nations long prior to Christianity. The pagan Greek and Roman
philosophers speculated about the "soul, " as did ancient Babylonians, Egyptians,
Persians, and Chinese. [More]
Some Christian teachers say that the immortality of the soul is so self-evident a truth that there was no need for the Bible
either to teach it or to deal with its denial, for it must be admitted by all, whatever their persuasion, that the doctrine of
the immortality of the soul is entirely absent from the Scriptures. First, Christian teachers have assumed that man possesses
a soul, instead of "being" a soul, then they assume that this "never dying" part of man must necessarily live on somewhere,
and consequently there must be a never-ending "hell" for all who are unsaved; and finally, the door is thereby opened for
the deceitful teaching of spiritism, which by its own confession needs nothing more than the acceptance of the doctrine of
the immortality of the soul, for it to function. We leave the Scriptural doctrine of the soul for an article under that title, and
concentrate here on the meaning of the term "immortality". The word does not occur in the O.T. and in the N.T. it is represented
by three Greek words. [More]
Samuele Bacchiocchi, Ph. D.
Few teachings have troubled the human conscience over the centuries more
than the traditional view of hell as the place where the lost suffer conscious
punishment in body and soul for all eternity. The prospect that one day a vast
number of people will be consigned to the everlasting torment of hell is most
disturbing and distressing to sensitive Christians. After all, almost everyone
has friends or family members who have died without making a commitment
to Christ. The prospect of one day seeing them agonizing in hell for all eternity
can easily lead thinking Christians to say to God: "No thank you God. I am not
interested in Your kind of paradise!" [More]
The belief in conscious life after death is one of the greatest deception of our
times. Such a belief is promoted today not only by the Catholic and Protestant
teachings on the immortality of the soul, but also by the polished image of
mediums and psychics, the sophisticated "scientific" research into near-death
experiences, and the popular New Age channeling craze with the alleged spirits
of the past.
The vast majority of people have come to believe Satan's lie that no matter what
they do, they "shall not die" (Gen 3:4) but become like gods by living for ever.
This lie has fostered a host of heresies such as spiritualism, communication with
the spirits of the dead, praying for the dead, the intercession of the saints,
purgatory, eternal hellfire, the worship of Mary, indulgences, etc. All of these
heretical beliefs fall automatically like dominos when we expose the fallacies
of conscious life between death and resurrection. [MORE]
THE RICH MAN AND LAZARUS By Otis Sellers
The portion of Scripture which is examined and interpreted in this study is certainly not the most important passage
in the Word of God. Nevertheless, it is apparent that many make Luke 16:19-31 to be the preeminent passage of all
Scripture because of the great number of doctrines which they found upon it and which they establish by it.
When a passage is appealed to again and again in support of ideas that are held or are being declared, that passage
automatically becomes one of great importance. And there is no single passage in the Bible that is appealed to in support
of as many beliefs as the one that is now before us for consideration. The commonly accepted and popular belief that is
held by the self-styled orthodox concerning man's nature and destiny has entrenched itself within this story. From this
supposedly impregnable fortress it calls upon all to drop arms and surrender if they dare to believe or teach contrary to
the generally accepted views. For many centuries ideas have been read and preached into this passage so that now men
are reading them back out as if they were actually there. Many preachers are no longer able to distinguish between their
sermons on the rich man and Lazarus and the record written in the Word of God, even though they are poles apart. [MORE]
THE GATES OF HELL By Tom Ballinger
The student who will allow the Word to speak for itself should now have
impressed upon his mind the fact that the Holy Ghost has chosen to use the
word "hell" interchangeably with the word "grave." In this paper we only
purpose to show the word "hell" in its relation to the expression "the gates
of hell." If we gain an understanding of its usage in its relation to different
thoughts or expressions in the Word of God then we can come to a Scriptural
understanding of the word "hell." By so doing, we will be free from the teachings
- of men. It is surprising, when we examine ourselves, how much of what we
believe has been received from the traditions of men. How little has really been
derived from personal study of the Word of God itself. Generally we believe
what we have heard and been taught by man, then go to the Bible to try to get
what we believe confirmed. We need now to make some conclusion on the Holy
Spirit's use of the word "hell" in the expression "the gates of hell." [More]
THE SOUL AND DEATH by B.A. Livingstone
The single most important question one can ask is, "What happens to me when
I die?" When we die, is that it? Or do we float in some ethereal world of limbo.
Or as others would suggest, do we have a soul that goes to heaven when we
die if we were good, or possibly conscious everlasting torment in flame if were
bad. Still others suggest reincarnation. But which are we to believe? [More]
truth, or witness to every doctrine, time.
leads us to see that it would be a word in seas devote some of our limited space to a consideration a1 subject. In the first
place let us turn to John 11:14, "Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead" (Lazaros apethanen). Greek verb here translated
"is dead" is from apothnesko. John 11:21 and 41 well show, the word thnesko means "to "The addition of the prefix apo
intensifies the cone representing the actions of the simple verb as consummates finished, to die out, to expire, to become
quite dead" (Dr. E.W. Bullinger's Lexicon). In John 8:52 we read: "Abraham is dead." (Abraham apethanen). Here, therefore,
is fact one. Lazarus was literally and completely dead as was Abraham. [More]
in misery in hell cannot be reconciled with those scriptures which predict God
shall be all in all: yet the word 'hell' occurs thirty-one times in the Old Testament
and twenty-two times in the New Testament in the Authorized Version. This one
English term has been made to represent the Hebrew 'sheol' and the three Greek
words 'hades', 'gehenna' and 'tartarus'.
THE VISIBLE HELL By Tom Ballinger
In the article, "The Gates of Hell," the conclusion was reached that the gates
referred to the power the grave has to maintain its captives. The Lord Jesus
Christ is said to have the keys to open the gates of the grave and release those
who are held captive, thus bringing them up from the power of "hell" by means
of resurrection. The grave would be the visible hell. But there is to be a "visible"
one prior to and during the millennium. [More]
THE WAGES OF SIN By Charles Welch
In a previous article we sought to exhibit the meaning of the words commonly
Throughout human history, people have refused to accept the finality that
death brings to life. Death brings an unacceptable, sudden interruption to
one's work, plans, and relationships. Though the inscription on many tomb
stones often reads "Rest in Peace," the truth of the matter is that most people
do not welcome the peaceful rest of the grave. They would rather be alive and
productive. Thus, it is not surprising that the subject of death and afterlife always
has been a matter of intense concern and speculation. After all, the death rate is
still one per person. Each of us at the appointed time will face the grim reality of
The Death of Socrates and of Christ. To illustrate the Biblical view of death,
Oscar Cullmann contrasts the death of Socrates with that of Jesus.36 In his book
Phaedo, Plato offers an impressive description of the death of Socrates. On the
day of his death, Socrates taught his disciples the doctrine of the immortality of the
soul and showed them how to live out such a belief in dying. He explained to his
disciples how to liberate the soul from the prison of the body by occupying oneself
with the eternal truths of philosophy. Since death completes the process of liberating
of the soul, Plato tells us that Socrates went to his death by drinking the hemlock in
complete peace and composure. For Socrates, death was the soul’s greatest friend
because it sets the soul free from the shackles of the body. [More]
STATE OF THE DEAD IN THE O.T.
weekly covers it. Talk-show hosts discuss it. Popular books such as Moody
and Kübler-Ross' Life After Life and Maurice Rawlings' Beyond Death's
Door examine case histories of out-of-body experiences. Even a few pastors
have begun preaching it again. Once regarded by the secular community as
a relic of a superstitious past and by believers as something too difficult to
comprehend, belief in life after death is regaining popularity. In spite of a
significant decline in religious beliefs, according to a recent Gallup Poll, 71
percent of Americans believe in some form of life after death.1 "Even many
who claim no religious belief expect life to go on after death: 46 percent believe
in heaven, 34 percent in hell." [More]
The New Testament says very little about the state of the dead during the
intermediate period between their falling asleep and their awakening on the
day of the resurrection. We must agree with G. C. Berkouwer that what the
New Testament tells us about the intermediate state is nothing more than a
whisper.33 The primary concern of the New Testament is with the events
that mark the transition from this age to the Age to Come: the return of Christ
and the resurrection of the dead. [More]
BASIC VIEWS OF HUMAN NATURE AND DESTINY
fundamentally different views of human nature. The first is based on the belief of
the immortality of the soul, and the second on the belief of the resurrection of the
body. In his scholarly study The Nature and Destiny of Man, Reinhold Niebuhr
suggests that the fundamentally different Christian beliefs about human nature and
destiny derive from two basic views: (1) the Classical and (2) the Christian.2 The
first derives from Greek philosophy and the second from the teaching of the Bible.
The term "Christian" for the latter view may be misleading, because, as we shall
learn, the vast majority of Christians throughout the centuries have been greatly
influenced by the classical view of human nature which consists of a mortal body
and an immortal soul. Therefore, I prefer to call the second view "Biblical," because,
as this study shows, it reflects the teachings of the Bible. [More]
5 HUMAN NATURE AS SPIRIT]
(Ps 8:4), is one of the most fundamental questions that anyone could consider.
It is fundamental because its answer determines the way we view ourselves, this
world, redemption, and our ultimate destiny.
yet no age knows less about what man really is. Having lost their awareness of
God, many people today are concerned primarily with their present existence.
The loss of awareness of God makes many people uncertain about the meaning
of life, because it is only in reference to God and His revelation that the nature and
destiny of human life can be truly understood. [More]
In our Bibles, the first page of the New Testament follows immediately the
last page of the Old Testament. This may suggest to uninformed readers
that there is no time gap between the two Testaments. In reality, about four
centuries separate them. During this inter-testamental period, the Jewish people
were exposed, both at home in Palestine and abroad in the diaspora (dispersion),
to the very influential Hellenistic (Greek) culture and philosophies. The impact of
Hellenism on Judaism is evident in many areas, including the adoption of Greek
dualism by some Jewish literary works produced at that time. [More]
DEATH, NO GATEWAY TO HEAVEN By E.W. Bullinger
In the Christian realm today there is unscriptural teaching concerning the death
of the believer in the
Lord Jesus Christ.
to be with the Lord." This phrase is used especially at funerals where preachers
misquote or take the Scriptures out of context to reassure the sorrowing that their
loved ones are not really dead, but are really enjoying Heaven in God's presence.
This teaching promotes belief in the lie of Satan, rather than what God told Adam
and Eve when He placed them in the Garden. [More]
A REFRESHING STUDY ON RESURRECTION By E.W. Bullinger
Scripture shuts us up to the blessed hope of being reunited in resurrection. That is why the death of believers is so
often called "sleep"; and dying is called "falling asleep"; because of the assured hope of awakening in resurrection.
It's language is, "David fell on sleep" (Acts 13:36), not David's body, or David's soul. "Stephen ... fell asleep" (Acts 7:60).
"Lazarus sleepeth" (John 11:11), which is explained, when the Lord afterward speaks "plainly", as meaning "Lazarus is dead"
(v. 14). [More]
THE SOUL AND DEATH By B.A. Livingstone
The single most important question one can ask is, "What happens to me when I die?" When we die, is that it? Or do we
float in some ethereal world of limbo. Or as others would suggest, do we have a soul that goes to heaven when we die if
we were good, or possibly conscious everlasting torment in flame if were bad. Still others suggest reincarnation. But which
are we to believe?
what we or anyone else may think. In the end, what matters is what has God said. [More]
The Scripture in 2 Corinthians 5:8 is often misquoted and misunderstood. Many like to use this as if it's proof that we
are immediately in the presence of the Lord upon dying. Satan wants us to believe that we don't really die. (Gen.3:4)
This is in direct conflict with what the scriptures teach about death and what God said, "thou shalt surely die." Whom
do you believe? [More]
BETWEEN DEATH AND RESURRECTION By Oscar Baker
This period of time, referred to as the naked state by Paul, is quite often spoken of as a sleep in the Bible.
However in the original languages, the word sleep is used only of those who are believers and hope to awake.
You can check this with the lexicon in the back of Strong's Concordance.
maintained as mentioned above. Man does not rise up or awake until a certain time. That time, in the Hebrew is described
as when the heavens become unstitched. There is no statement that all will rise, awake, or be raised out of sleep. See Da 12:2
and compare. Here is pretty good evidence that Job was a Gentile and did not have the hope of Israel, the resurrection at the
last day which Martha knew about (Job 11:24). This resurrection in Job is after the millennium is over. Compare with the time
of the great white throne judgment (Re 20:11).
D. B. Moore
find the answer and refuse to believe it because it is contrary to traditional teaching. Shall we accept the ideas of tradition?
No! We will search and see, and believe the Word of God that is forever settled in heaven.
The Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living
soul. God formed man of the dust of the ground, but he was not yet a living soul. He became a living soul, just as Lot's wife
became a pillar of salt (Gen. 19:26). She was not a pillar of salt until she was disobedient and looked back. Man was not a living
soul until he received the breath of life.
THE SUPREME PENALTY
By Oscar Baker
believed. Such a study will show the beginnings and spread of apostacy and the creeping in of heathen philosophies into
early writers and their views on this subject. The death date of each is given.
and Theophilus, of Antioch (183), all held to the Scriptural view that the supreme penalty for all who did not have life was
Contrary to popular teaching, Paradise has nothing to do with heaven. It is the name given to "a garden planted with trees".
The word has come through the Greek from the ancient Sanscrit. Socrates says that the king of Persia, wherever he is, takes
particular care "to have gardens and enclosures, which are called paradises, full of everything beautiful and good that the
earth can produce". The original Persian word pardes occurs in Nehemiah 2:8; Ecclesiastes 2:5 and Song of Solomon 4:13.
The LXX almost constantly renders the Hebrew gan "garden" when it relates to the garden of Eden by paradeisos. Such is
the language and testimony of Holy Writ. We have to go to Josephus and to Rabbinical tradition to discover that Paradise
is a place. for the intermediate state "and that under the earth there will be rewards or punishment", although even Josephus
in the opening of his Antiquities uses the word "paradise" for the Garden of Eden. [More]
By E. Burch
THE PENALTY OF SIN IS DEATH
Rom 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Rom 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all
men, for that all have sinned:
1 Cor 15:56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.
James 1:15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.
Ezek 18:20 The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the
father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of
the wicked shall be upon him.
Gen 2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou
eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. [MORE]
As concerning the doctrine of hell and matters of judgement the following should be considered,
"I take you to record this day, that I am pure from the blood of all men. For I have not shunned to declare unto you ALL the counsel of God." Acts 20:26,27
Ezekiel 33 declares that it was the responsibility of the watchmen to declare unto the people judgement to come. If Paul failed to declare eternal punishment, he is guilty before God.
No where does Paul teach an eternal conscious punishment in all his epistles. Epistles which I might add are the establishing of FUNDAMENTALS to the new believer.
We are even told of Paul to "Preach the Word" and in so doing, rightly divide that we may hold fast the form of sound words, which we have heard of Paul.
Paul establishes time and again, that the consequences of Sin is DEATH. No more, no less.
"The wages of sin is DEATH." [MORE]
Another obvious crack in Israel's armour, where heresies of spirit-beings or ghosts crept into our Christian faith, was at the point where our ancestors began to accept the pagan doctrine of the "immortal soul." That is the doctrine which teaches that "a soul" is one-third of the component parts of a man, and that it is immortal: an entity which cannot die. God's people fell for this false teaching starting in the book of Genesis, chapter 3 Where the first false prophet bamboozled Eve by telling her:
'You shall not surely die. " Genesis 3:4