Death is a return of the person, of the body, and
of the spirit.
2. Death is the opposite of life, or the absence
of life, not life in some other form or place.
2 Ki 20:1
"thou that die and not live"
"the dead live not until"
"that they may live, and not
3. Death is a sleep.
"lest I sleep the sleep of
1 Th 4:13-18
"them that are asleep"
"them that sleep in the dust"
4. Death is an enemy.
1 Co 15:26
"the last enemy abolished is
2. WHERE ARE DEAD BELIEVERS?
1. They are all in one place (Eccl 3:19,20).
2. Their place is one of silence and repose.
3. They are not with Christ in heaven.
The statement that David ascended not into the
heavens is made after the resurrection and ascension
of our Lord Jesus Christ.
The only way believers get to be with the Lord is
by His coming for them. See 1 Thess. 4:16-17, "so
shall we ever be with the Lord." Also John
14:3, "I will come again and receive you to
Myself; that where I am, there ye may be also."
Death is never said to take one to be with the Lord.
4. The dead are in their graves.
"all who are in their graves"
"them that sleep in the dust"
"ye that dwell in the dust"
In the Word of God the dead are always said to be
where their bodies are.
3. WHAT IS THE STATE OF
THE DEAD BELIEVERS?
1. They sleep and rest.
1 The 4:13-18
1 Cor 15:51-57
1 Cor 15:3-20
The Scriptures never speak of the sleep of the
soul, nor of the sleep of the body. They always
speak of the sleep of the person with
reference to death. The sleep of death obliterates
the interval between this life and the next, in so
far as consciousness is concerned.
2. They praise not the Lord nor exercise mental
3. They do not live until the resurrection.
1 Cor 15:12-21
4. WHAT COMFORTING
ASSURANCE DOES GOD GIVE CONCERNING DEAD
1. That they will all be resurrected.
2. That they will all ultimately receive fullness
of life through the saving work of Jesus Christ.
1 Cor 15:22-28
1 Tim 2:3-6
1 Tim 4:9-11
THE IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL?
The Scriptures never speak of the
"immortality of the soul." On the contrary
there are many places where the soul is said to die.
See Isa 53:12; Ezek 18:4,20; Psa 78:50; Psa 116:1-8;
Mat 26:38; etc.
The word "immortality" occurs
altogether only three times in the original
1 Tim 6:13-16
"Christ only hath immortality"
1 Cor 15:53
"this mortal must put on
1 Cor 15:54
"this mortal shall have put on
Believers receive immortality when, not
before, Jesus Christ returns. Faith in Christ as
Saviour does not swallow up death in victory. Even
believers are said to be dead (1 Thes 4:16,
"the dead in Christ"; 1 Cor 15:51,52; John
11:25). For believers, death is swallowed up in
victory when Jesus Christ returns and raises the
dead and transforms the living. See 1 Cor 15:54-57.
The teaching that man is inherently immortal robs
Jesus Christ of glory that belongs to Him for it is
only through Him and His saving work that man
"Death of the body" and
"resurrection of the body" are expressions
not to be found in the Scriptures. Death is of the person.
Resurrection is of the person. In the
Scriptures the person is said to die. See
Deut 10:6; Josh 1:2; Josh 24:33; 1 Sam 4:17-19; Rom
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE SOUL AND THE SPIRIT
The Scriptures distinguish clearly between the
spirit and the soul. The spirit and the breath are
closely related as may be seen in the expression
"the breath of the spirit of life" (Gen
7:22, R.S.V. or marginal reading; 2 Sam 22:16; Psa
18:15; Isa 42:5). The spirit is that invisible life
force from God which when united with the body produces
the consciousness, the sensation, the ego. The soul
is the consciousness, the sensation, the ego (Isa
29:8; Gen 42:21; Deut 12:15-23; Job 10:1; Job 21:25;
Psa 43:5; Psa 107:18; etc.). The soul of the flesh
is said to be in the blood (Lev 17:11; Gen 9:4;
etc.). The word translated life in these passages is
the Hebrew word for soul, nephesh.
An electric light serves as a good illustration
of the difference between the body, the soul, and
the spirit. Let the bulb and its filament, which is
made from the elements out of the earth, represent
the body. Let the electricity, an invisible force,
represent the spirit. Let the light and heat
produced by the union of the electricity with the
bulb, represent the soul. When the connection is
broken the light goes out.
When God created man, He formed him out of the
dust of the ground. He then breathed into his
nostrils the breath of life and as a result manbecame
a living soul (Gen 2:7).
Death is a reversal of what happened in the
creation. At death, the spirit (not the
consciousness, but the force from God which when
united with the body produces it) returns to God
from whence it came. The soul (the sensation, the
consciousness, the ego) dies. The body returns to
the dust and the person is dead until resurrectionif a believer.
The spirit, the soul, and the person go to
different places at death. The spirit returns to God
(Eccl 12:7). The soul goes to Hades (Acts 2:27). The
person is said to be in the grave (John 5:28). When
our Lord Jesus Christ died His spirit went to God
(Luke 23:46); His soul went to Hades
(Acts 2:22-32); He, Himself, is said to have been in
the tomb during the days He was dead (1 Cor 15:3,4;
Failure to grasp the truth concerning death
strikes at the very heart of the gospel. Whatever
the wages of sin is, Jesus Christ endured it to the
full, in order to become man's Saviour. If the wages
of sin is eternal punishment, Jesus Christ could not
be the Saviour of anyone, for He did not endure
that. "The wages of sin is death" (Rom
6:23). "Christ died for our sins, was
buried and was raised the third day" (1 Cor
Failure to recognize the facts concerning death
makes resurrection unimportant. If the dead are
alive enjoying the bliss of a better life without a
body, what real need is there for a resurrection?
When the facts that the dead are really dead is
understood, resurrection becomes all-important.
"If there is no resurrection, let us eat and
drink for tomorrow we die" (1 Cor 15:32). The
only scriptural hope for the dead is resurrection,
apart from which there is no further life for them.
"The dead live not until (resurrection)".
See Rev 20:4-12 and compare John 5:28,29. Two
resurrections separated by a thousand years are
referred to in these passages.
Wrong views concerning death result in wrong
views concerning the future punishment of the
wicked. The combined result of this is a teaching
that slanders God and dishonors the Lord Jesus
There will be wrath and punishment for the wicked
but it will fit the crimes and will accomplish a
good purpose (John 5:22,23). God is going to be All
in all in due time (1 Cor 15:28). This is
brought about by and through the saving work of
Jesus Christ, Who is the resurrection and the life
(John 11:25). There is no life during death, but
through Him believersl will ultimately receive fulness of
life, or immortality. In this manner death, all
death, the first and the second, will be abolished
from God's universe (1 Cor 15:22-28).
 The Hebrew word for
soul, nephesh, is translated in more than
30 different ways in the Authorized Version. Some
examples are as follows: any, appetite, beast,
creature, dead body, desire, fish, ghost, heart,
life, lust, man, mind, mortally, pleasure, will,
thing, self, etc.
 Hades and Sheol
are different words for the same place. Hades is the
Greek word used in the New Testament and Sheol
is the Hebrew word used in the Old Testament.
Compare Psalm 16:10, R.S.V., with Acts 2:27, R.S.V.
There is a close connection between the grave and sheol
or hades. Hades means the unseen
or the unperceived. The spirit is never associated
with hades in the Scriptures. It is the
soul that goes to hades.