In Hebrew the number eight is hnm#
(Sh'moneh), from the root Nm#
(Shah'meyn), "to make fat,"
"cover with fat," "to
super-abound." As a participle it means "one
who abounds in strength," etc. As a noun it is
"superabundant fertility," "oil,"
etc. So that as a numeral it is the superabundant
number. As seven was so called because the
seventh day was the day of completion and rest, so eight,
as the eighth day, was over and above this perfect
completion, and was indeed the first of a new
series, as well as being the eighth. Thus it
already represents two numbers in one, the first
and eighth. Let us first consider the
Just as we saw the connection between the numbers six
and seven together (pp.
158-167), so we must note the remarkable
connection between seven and eight when
Seven means, as we have seen, according to
its etymology, that which is spiritually complete or
satisfying; while eight denotes that which is
superabundant or satiating. Hence we often find these
two numbers associated with these distinctions.
JEHOVAH'S COVENANTS WITH ABRAHAM
were eight in number; seven before Isaac was
offered up, and the eighth when he had been received
"in a figure" from the dead.
Gen 12:1-3, sovereignty.
Gen 12:7, the seed.
Gen 13:14-17, Divine assurance, rising and
walking on resurrection ground.
Gen 15:13-21, the limits of the land; the 400
years; the 4th generation.
Gen 17:1-22, invincible grace.
Gen 18:9-15, human failure and imperfection.
Gen 21:12, Spiritual blessing headed up in the
Gen 22:15-18, resurrection blessing.
The first three are marked
off from the others by the words "after these
things," 15:1. The next four are marked
off from the eighth by similar separating words,
repeated in 22:1.
It will be noted that each covenant blessing is
stamped with the character of its numerical
JOSEPH'S TYPICAL COMMUNICATIONS WITH HIS
were eight in number. Seven times
before Jacob's death, and an eighth time after.
In Genesis 37:6, he tells his dream about the
sheaves of wheat (earthly glory).
His second dream about the sun, moon, and stars
(heavenly glory, completing the double witness of
His message of love to them from his father,
when he is rejected and cast into the pit, but
raised (unknown to them) to the right hand of
They are compelled to go to Joseph, Genesis 42.
Again they go, Genesis 43:15.
A third time (Gen 44:13), when Joseph proclaims
himself. Three times they had denied him. Three
times they have to go to him; and the third time,
after deep exercise of heart, reach the place of
blessing. But it is (like the No. 6) incomplete.
It needs the
"And Israel [no longer Jacob] took his
journey with all that he had" (Gen 46).
Nothing more is to be desired, so he says,
"Now let me die, since I have seen thy
face," etc. (v 30). The history is
spiritually complete; but there remains another
Jacob has passed away, and they are face to face
with Joseph, a type of Christ in resurrection
glory (Gen 50:15, etc.).
There are eight particulars in connection with
punishment; but seven stand in a different category,
not being possible if the eighth were inflicted, viz.,
"Life for life."
1. Life for life,
2. Eye for eye,
3. Tooth for tooth,
4. Hand for hand,
5. Foot for foot,
6. Burning for burning,
7. Wound for wound,
8. Stripe for stripe.
Seven times we have the phrase "As the
LORD commanded Moses,"* and once (v 16),
"according to all that the LORD commanded
* Verse 23, "had
commanded," is the same as the other six in the
THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES
was the only feast which was kept eight days. The
eighth is distinguished from the seventh. See
Leviticus 23:39, and compare verses 34-36; Numbers
29:39, and Nehemiah 8:18.
2 CHRONICLES 6
Eight appeals of Solomon for his prayer to be
heard. Seven times, "Hear Thou from heaven,"
and once (v 21), "Hear Thou from thy
dwelling-place, from heaven." Similarly in 1
Kings 8, the parallel passage.
ISAIAH 5:1, 2
There are eight sentences describing the vineyard,
but seven give the characteristics, and one
THE STEPS IN EZEKIEL'S TEMPLE
Seven led into the outer court (40:22,26), and
eight led from the outer to the inner (40:31,34,37).*
* How many led into the Temple
the Hebrew Text does not say. The Septuagint says
there were ten. See verse 49, RV text and margin.
The seven led from labour to rest, the eight
from rest to worship.
THE LORD JESUS WAS ON A MOUNTAIN
eight times.* Seven times were before the
cross, but the eighth time after He rose from
* Omitting of course the scene in
Seven unities, but the seventh is
two-fold—"God and Father"—making eight
COLOSSIANS 3:12, 13
There are seven graces, but (v 14) over all these
there is "love," which is the bond of
perfectness, the upper garment which completes and
unites the others.
"The wisdom that is from above" is
enumerated in seven particulars, but the fifth
is double, making eight in all ("full of
mercy and good fruits").
were eight in number; but seven were
"born after the flesh," while one, the eighth,
was "by promise."
THE CONSECRATION OF AARON AND HIS SONS
was on the eighth day, after abiding
"at the door of the Tabernacle of the
Congregation day and night seven days"
(Lev 8:35, 9:1).
IN SOLOMON'S TEMPLE
there were eight classes of furniture, while
in the Tabernacle there were seven:—
1 Altar of Incense
1 Altar of Incense
10 Tables of shewbread
1 Table of shewbread
1 Altar of burnt-offering
1 Altar of burnt-offering
1 Brasen Sea
THE SABBATH TO BE KEPT HOLY
There were eight commands in all. Seven
by Jehovah (Exo 20:8; Deut 5:12, repetition; 23:12, 31:13,
34:21; Lev 19:3,30, 23:3: one by Moses, Exo
DAVID WAS THE EIGHTH SON OF JESSE
according to 1 Samuel 16:6, etc., and 1 Samuel
17:12; but owing doubtless to the death of one son
without issue, and hence excluded from the
genealogies, David would be called in 1 Chronicles
2:15 "the seventh."
These will suffice to show the connection between
the numbers seven and eight. Let us now
consider the number
It is 7 plus 1. Hence it is the number
specially associated with Resurrection and Regeneration,
and the beginning of a new era or order.
When the whole earth was covered with the flood, it
was Noah "the eighth person" (2 Peter 2:5)
who stepped out on to a new earth to commence a new
order of things. "Eight souls" (1 Peter
3:20) passed through it with him to the new or
Hence, too, circumcision was to be performed on the
eighth day (Gen 17:12), because it was the
foreshadowing of the true circumcision of the heart,
that which was to be "made without hands,"
even "the putting off of the body of the sins of
the flesh by the circumcision of Christ" (Col
2:11). This is connected with the new creation.
The first-born was to be given to Jehovah on the
eighth day (Exo 22:29,30). But
is the great truth which is signified. Christ rose
from the dead on "the first day of the
week," that was of necessity the eighth
day. And it is remarkable that the Bible contains the
Eight individual Resurrections
(other than the Lord and the saints):
3 in the Old Testament
3 in the Gospels
2 in Acts 9 and 20
The three in the Old Testament
correspond to the three raised by our Lord.
The son of a widow—
Zarepta (1 Kings 17:17-25) and
Nain (Luke 7:11-18).
The child of a rich person—
Son of the woman of Shunem (2 Kings 4:32-37),
The daughter of Jarius (Mark 5:35; Luke 8:49).
A full grown man...after burial—
In Elisha's tomb (2 Kings 13:20,21),
Lazarus (John 11).
THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES
lasted eight days, with a special reference
to the Incarnation (John 1:14).
also took place on the eighth day (inclusive
reckoning) after the first announcement of Christ's
"sufferings," and it was the showing forth
of the "glory" which should follow at His
THE FIRST CUBE
Eight is the first cubic number, the
cube of two, 2 x 2 x 2. We have seen that three
is the symbol of the first plane figure, and
that four is the first square. So here,
in the first cube, we see something of
transcendent perfection indicated, something, the
length and breadth and height of which are equal. This
significance of the cube is seen in the fact
that the "Holy of Holies," both in the
Tabernacle and in the Temple, were cubes. In
the Tabernacle it was a cube of 10 cubits. In
the Temple it was a cube of 20 cubits. In Revelation
20 the New Jerusalem is to be a cube of 12,000
furlongs. Dr. Milo Mahan is inclined to believe that
the Ark of Noah, too, had a kind of sacred Shechinah
in "the window finished in a
cubit above"—a cube of one. If so, we
have the series of cubes:—
1,000, The Tabernacle
8,000, The Temple
1,728,*000,000,000, the New Jerusalem
* This 1728, too, is a remarkable
number, viz., 82 x 33.
EIGHT SONGS IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
outside the Psalms:
Redemption, Exodus 15.
Supply and maintenance, Numbers 21:17.
Moses witnessing to the grace of God and the
unfaithfulness of man, Deuteronomy 32.
Victory over oppression, Judges 5.
David, God's elect, delivered from all his foes,
2 Samuel 22.
The Song of Songs.
The song of the well-beloved touching Israel,
God's vineyard, Isaiah 5.
This (the eighth) waits to be sung on
resurrection ground (Isa 26), for it does not come
till after "death is swallowed up in
THE MIRACLES OF ELIJAH
were eight in number, marking the Divine
character of his mission:
The shutting up of heaven, 1 Kings 17:1; James
5:17; Luke 4:25.
Multiplying the widow's meal, 2 Kings 17:14-16.
Raising the widow's son, verses 17-23.
Causing fire to come down from heaven, 1 Kings
Causing rain to come down from heaven, verses
Causing fire to come down from heaven, 2 Kings
The same, verse 12.
Dividing the Jordan, 2 Kings 2:8.
THE MIRACLES OF ELISHA
were double in number, viz. sixteen,
for his request was, "Let a double portion of thy
spirit be upon me," 2 Kings 2:9:
Dividing the Jordan, 2 Kings 2:14.
Healing the waters, verse 21.
Cursing the young men,* verse 24.
Procuring water for the three kings, 2 Kings
Multiplying the widow's oil, 2 Kings 4:1-7.
Raising the widow's son, 4:37.
Healing the deadly pottage, verse 38.
Feeding the hundred men, verses 42-44.
The healing of Naaman, 2 Kings 5:1-19.
The smiting of Gehazi, verses 20-27.
Causing the iron to swim, 2 Kings 6:1-7.
Opening the eyes of his servant, verse 17.
Smiting the Syrian army with blindness, verse
Restoring their sight, verse 20.
Arresting the king's messenger, verses 30-33.
A dead man raised by touching his bones, 2 Kings
* The word is used of Isaac, aged
28; Joseph when 39; Rehoboam when 40; Shadrach and
his companions in Babylon.
The use and significance of the number eight in
Scripture is seen to recur in marvelous exactitude. It
may indeed be said that
EIGHT IS THE DOMINICAL NUMBER,
for everywhere it has to do with the LORD. It is
the number of His name, IHSOUS,
It is the number stamped upon the Old Testament,
the numbers of its books in all the MSS being 24
(3x8). See p.
In the book which relates to His great Apocalypse
or Revelation, there are in the introduction which
sets forth the glory of the Lord, to
be revealed in the day of the Lord, eight
references to the Old Testament on which the claims of
His Lordship are based.
THE EIGHT REFERENCES TO THE OLD TESTAMENT
IN REVELATION 1
It will be noted, moreover, that these are not
given at haphazard. Our attention is called to their
importance by the order in which they are given. They
are arranged in the form of an epanodos, the
first being from the same book as the eighth, the
second corresponding in the same way to the seventh,
the third to the sixth, and the fourth to the fifth.
Thus the Divine seal of superabundant perfection is
there set on the Scriptures which declare the Lordship
A. 5. Isaiah 55:4.
B. 7-. Daniel 7:13.
C. -7. Zechariah 12:10.
D. 8. Isaiah 41:4, 44:6, 48:12.
D. 11. Isaiah 41:4, 44:6; 48:12.
C. 12. Zechariah 4:2.
B. 13-15. Daniel 7:9, 13, 22, 10:5, 6.
A. -16-. Isaiah 49:2.
OTHER DOMINICAL NAMES OF JESUS
are also marked by gematria and stamped with the
number eight as a factor:
CristoV, Christ, 1480
KurioV, Lord, 800
KurioV hmwn, Our
Lord, 1768 (8x221).
Swthr, Saviour, 1408
Messias, Messiah, 656
UioV, Son, 880
We ought also to note that the other factors,
beside the prevailing eight, are full of
All this speaks to us, if we have "ears to
hear," that "God hath glorified His Son
Jesus" (Acts 3:13), and "hath
made that same Jesus...both Lord and Christ"
that we may afterwards compare and contrast the
two. For this purpose we must consider the number thirteen
here, and out of its otherwise proper order.
As to the significance of thirteen, all are
aware that it has come down to us as a number of
ill-omen. Many superstitions cluster around it, and
various explanations are current concerning them.
Unfortunately, those who go backwards to find a
reason seldom go back far enough. The popular
explanations do not, so far as we are aware, go
further back than the Apostles. But we must go back to
the first occurrence of the number thirteen
in order to discover the key to its significance. It
occurs first in Gen 14:4, where we read "Twelve
years they served Chedorlaomer, and the thirteenth
year they REBELLED."
Hence every occurrence of the number thirteen,
and likewise of every multiple of it, stamps
that with which it stands in connection with rebellion,
apostasy, defection, corruption, disintegration,
revolution, or some kindred idea.
The second mention of thirteen is in
connection with Ishmael, Gen 17:25. He was thirteen
years old when Abraham circumcised him and admitted
him into the covenant to which he was a stranger in
heart, and which ended in his rebellion and rejection.
We see it stamped upon the very fore-front of
Revelation. For while the opening statement of Gen 1:1
is composed of seven words and twenty-eight letters
(4x7), the second verse consists of fourteen words,
but fifty-two letters; fifty-two being 4x13 tells of
some apostasy or rebellion which caused the
ruin of which that verse speaks.
But it is when we come to
that the most wonderful results are seen. These
results may be stated thus, briefly: That the names of
the LORD's people are multiples of eight,
while the names of those who apostatized, or rebelled,
or who were in any sense His enemies, are multiples of
thirteen. This statement, if it be proved, is
one of the greatest evidences of verbal inspiration
which the world has yet seen. The discovery of the
great principle is due, we believe, to the late Dr.
Milo Mahan, of New York, who has given many examples
of it in his work already referred to, now long out of
print. The effect of this law can hardly be estimated
in establishing the presence of an ever-present
working of the Holy Spirit in inditing the very words
and even the letters of Scripture. No human foresight
or arrangement could have secured such a result
beforehand; no human powers could have carried it out
in such perfection. No matter where we look, we find
the working of the law without cessation, without a
break, without a flaw from beginning to end. Only one
conclusion is possible, and that is that the Bible has
but one Author, an eternal, omniscient Author,
designing, superintending, working, and carrying out
His own infinite plans.
Let us take a survey of this wondrous field
THE SETH AND CAIN LINES
The numerical value of the Seth line of names
collectively is a multiple of 8; whilst those of the
Cain line collectively is a multiple of 13.
The Seth Line of Names
* Japheth was the eldest son of
Noah, though Shem was chosen for the genealogy of
Taking the Noah group separately,
Without Ham, the three names, Noah, Shem, and
Japheth, equal 888. With Ham they equal 936, as
above; but this, though it is a multiple of 8, is at
the same time a multiple of 13, and of 9 also, the
number of judgment.
The gematria of the whole Scripture, Gen 5:6-24,
which contains the record of these names, amounts to
62960 (or 8x7870).
The Cain Line of Names
The family of Lamech is also significant if
looked at separately:
Lamech and Adah 169 (132)
The two wives, Adah and Zillah 611 (13x47)
Jabal, his firstborn, the father of the
Bedouin 42 (the No. of Antichrist)
Tubal Cain 598 (13x46)
The whole family, including the daughter,
Naamah 1924 (or 13x148)
The history of the Cain family is given in Gen
4:1-25, and spreads over 130 years (13x10). See Gen
Further, the whole Scripture which records the
history, Gen 4:1-25, yields by gematria 76882
(13x5914). There is, however, a remarkable exception
which "proves the rule." Verse 25 records
the birth of Seth, and its value is 6560 (8x820);
verse 26, also, which records the birth of his son
Enos, and tells how men began then to "call
upon the name of the LORD," yields 3064
Contrast this with verse 1, where the numerical
value of the words "and she conceived and bare
Cain" is 1612 (13x124).
The years of Adam during the days of Cain, before
the birth of Seth, were 130 (13x10): see Gen 5:3.
While after the birth of Seth he lived 800 years
(8x100), Gen 5:4.
THE GEMATRIA OF LAMECH'S SONG
in Gen 4:23,24, is 4667 (13x359); while the
sentence pronounced on Cain in vv 10-13 is 10283
The record in Gen 6, which gives the apostasy of
man, leading up to the judgment of the Flood, is
stamped and branded throughout with significant
Verses 1-3 amount to 7272 (6x1212).
Verse 2 amounts to 3198 (13x6x41).
Verse 4, "the same were mighty men which
were of old, men of renown" 1703 (13x131).
Verses 5-7, which speak concerning the
corruption 10335 (13x795).
Verses 1-7 21672 (62x602).
But now contrast vv 8-10 concerning
Noah--"But Noah found grace in the eyes of the
LORD," etc., 7008 (8x876):
Verses 11-17, the end of all flesh, the
command to build the ark, and the threat of the
Flood 33540 (13x2580).
Verses 14-16, concerning the ark 17668
Verses 12, 13 and 17 together, concerning the
violence and corruption 13320 (666x20).
Verses 18-22, which speak of the covenant to
save Noah and his house, while they are stamped
with the number 13 (which is the number of atonement
as well as of sin, see below), are
stamped also with the triple five, the 15
of perfect grace by which Noah was called, and
by the number 2, which tells of incarnation and
deliverance. The gematria of these verses is
The Canaanite names:
THE DESCENDANTS OF JOKTAN (Gen 10:25-29)
Joktan (the 13th from Shem)(132)
Peleg (his brother)
Salah (his grandfather) (132x2)
His 13 sons:
The whole passage (Gen 10:25-29) yields the
number 10647 (132x63). Such are the pains
taken to emphasise the rise of the progenitors of
the Saracens, for Joktan settled in S. Arabia, while
Ishmael settled in Arabia Petrea.
THE LINE OF ARPHAXAD (Gen 11:10-27)
Thus the entire generation is 4832 (8x604).
THE GENERATIONS OF ABRAHAM
Abraham had eight sons. Seven of them were born
"after the flesh," while the eighth
was "by promise."
* Isaac's household was a
divided one, as well as Jacob's; hence we have the
13 as a factor as well as 8.
Leah's Six Sons
Add parents' names (Jacob 182, and Leah 36), and
we have 1944 (8x243).
Rachel's Two Sons (Spelling taken
as in Gen 35:22-26)
The whole family of Jacob, including Ephraim
(331) and Manasseh (395) = 4512 (83x4000).
THE TWELVE TRIBES
are enumerated in some 18 (3x6) different ways,
in which one is always omitted. For there were 12
tribes; but there were also 13, telling of God's
design for perfect government, and of man's apostasy
from that government.
In Deut 32 Simeon is left out.
In Rev 7 Dan and Ephraim are omitted (Joseph
and Levi being inserted).
Generally it is Levi that is omitted.
Arranged in their 4 camps, as in Num 2, their
value is 3736 (8x467).
Arranged as in Rev 7, the value (according to
the Greek spelling, of course) is 8480 (8x1060).
Arranged as in Num 13:3-16, in connection with
the rebellion on the return of the 12 spies, we
see defection at once; for all the
representatives of the tribes failed except
Caleb and Joshua (788).
The whole passage = 17654 (13x1358).
From verse 4-16 = 12038 (13x926).
To go back, however, to Genesis, we now take
ISHMAEL'S TWELVE SONS (Gen 25:12-17)
The generations of
THE ELEVEN DUKES OF EDOM
Gen 36:40-43 is by gematria 9880: thus--
Verse 40 = 5453
Verse 41 = 670
Verse 42 = 1340
Verse 43 = 2417 (as far as "he is
Total 9880 (13x760)
The word Pwl) (al-luph),
"duke," amounts to 117 (13x9).
And eleven times repeated, it is still a
multiple of 13, viz., 1287 (13x99).
THE ABRAHAM-KETURAH GROUP (Gen 25:1,2)
THEIR DESCENDANTS IN GEN 25:3
Sons of Dedan
THE SONS OF MIDIAN (Gen 25:4)
Sons of Midian
The phrase which concludes the lists, "All
these are the sons of Keturah," has for its
value 468 (13x36), making with the numbers above
5213 for the whole group, or 13x401.
The whole passage is also a multiple of 13.
THE INCESTUOUS CHILDREN OF LOT (Gen 19)
Ben-Ammi (children of Ammi) 182 (13x14)
The whole passage (Gen 19:31-38) is a multiple of
"And there came two angels to Sodom at
even," 640 (8x80)
"And Lot sat in the gate of Sodom"*
Verse 1. The whole verse, 4299, significant of
Antichrist (42) and judgment (9).
Verses 1-25 = 90441 (13x9x773).
Verses 26-29, describing the results of the
overthrow = 14274 (13x9x122).
Verses 1-29, the entire account = 104715
Lots words in verse 7 = 777.
Verse 25. The work of the LORD in the overthrow
The account in the Second Epistle of Peter =
* Even the expression in 2 Peter
2:7, "and righteous Lot," is 1326
It will be observed how we have here not only the
number thirteen, but also the number nine,
which...is the number of judgment.
THE DESTRUCTION OF JERICHO
is also stamped with the number thirteen,
though not by gematria, for the city was compassed
once each day for six days, and seven times
on the seventh day, making 13 times in all
(6+7). Jericho, wxry,
is 234 which is 13x2x9 (nine being the number
THE TWELVE JUDGES
who were raised up as saviours in a time of
apostasy and rebellion exhibit both these
factors, 8 and 13
Abimelech the usurper (Judges 9) by his name
The Judges period ends under Samuel, 377 (13x29),
and the last three names which come before us are--
Eli, Hophni, and Phinehas, which together amount
to 462 (42x11).
THE SAUL GROUP OF NAMES (1 Sam 14:49-51)
Sons of Saul
Abner son of Ner
THE JUDAH AND ISRAEL LINES OF KINGS
are stamped in a remarkable manner with these
There are two periods specially marked with
regard to Israel.
The number 65 is associated with the separate
existence of the Ten Tribes in Isa 7:8, "Within
threescore and five years shall Ephraim be
broken, that it be not a people." From that
time, that is to say, from the last year of Jeroboam
II to the carrying away of Israel was exactly 65
years, or 5 times 13, which characterised the
disintegration which was going on in the nation.
But, more than this, the number 390 was also
stamped upon Israel as being the whole duration of
the separate existence of the Ten Tribes from the
day they rebelled against Rehoboam to the day
they were led away captive. This we see from Eze
4:4, 5, where the command was given to Ezekiel,
"Lie thou upon thy left side, and lay the
iniquity of the house of Israel upon it; according
to the number of the days that thou shalt be upon
it, thou shalt bear their iniquity. For I have laid
upon thee the years of their iniquity according to
the number of the days, three hundred and ninety
days; so shalt thou bear the iniquity of the house
Now 390 is thirteen times thirty,* and the
duration of Israel's rebellion is sufficiently and
appropriately branded upon it.
* Commentators entirely miss
the point when they say that 390 = 10x39, instead
On the other hand, when we turn to Judah we see the
number 8 pervading it. For the same prophet, in the
next verse, is commanded to lie on his right
side forty days to bear the iniquity of the
house of Judah--each day for a year. We ought to
note in passing that the name of Ezekiel, who
foretells the duration and end of this apostasy, is
156 (13x12); while the words of the prophecy, Eze
4:1-6, amount to 36673 (132x7x31), and
the whole passage, 4:1-8, to 43069 (13x3313).
The fulfillment ought also to be noted. The 390
years were to signify not only the years of
apostasy, but were also to signify the 390 days
of the siege of Jerusalem; viz., 13 months (30x13).
The siege commenced on the 10th day of the 10th
month of the 9th year of Zedekiah (2 Kings 25:1-4),
and it was taken on the 9th day of the 4th month of
the 11th year of the same king.
This gives a period of 18 months. But the siege was
raised for about 5 months (see Jer 37), while
Nebuchadnezzar's army was withdrawn for fear of
Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who had come up to meet him.
Thus we have the two numbers stamped by the
history; upon Judah 8, and upon Israel 13.
Now look at
THE LIST OF JUDAH'S KINGS
1. The spelling, which
sometimes varies, is taken according to the first
occurrence of the name.
2. In the 39th (3x13) year of his reign he
forsook the LORD (2 Chron 16:12).
3. Amaziah = 146 or 152 according to the
spelling. If 146, then the total will be 4394 (132x2).
But if we add Saul 337, David 14, and Solomon 375,
it is 5120 (83x10).
4. He had reigned 52 (4x13) years when he
apostatized (2 Chron 26:3,21).
THE ISRAELITE KINGS
THE LEADERS WHO RETURNED FROM BABYLON (Ezra 2:2)
* In the Hebrew Text rpsm,
Mizpar is repeated again after Baanah. If
we count this in, then the total, instead of 3008,
will be 3388, which though not a multiple of 8 is
Other chiefs mentioned in other
Shesbazzar, the prince of Judah
Ezra the scribe
It is difficult to observe a strict order in the
presentation of these phenomena, because the results
are best shown by direct contrast. For example, if
we take out the names of the adversaries who came in
direct opposition to the Lord, the law will be more
THE ADVERSARIES OF EZRA (4:7-9)
"And the rest of their
Rehum the chancellor
Shimshai the scribe
These Companions (Ezra 4:9) are the--
Together they all make 6578 (13x506).
The men who took strange wives (Ezra
10:17-44) were in number 113. The gematria of their
names is 38194 (132x226).
THE ADVERSARIES OF NEHEMIAH
as mentioned and named in 2:19, 4:7, and 13:4:
Sanballat the Horonite
And Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite
And Geshem the Arabian
And the Arabians
And the Ammonites
And the Ashdodites
Eliashib the priest
With this we may note the
6-fold nature of their opposition as shown on p.
DANIEL AND HIS COMPANIONS
But their Chaldean names, given by
Nebuchadnezzar, make a number of no significance
THE ENEMIES OF GOD AND HIS PEOPLE
as named in Scripture are generally multiples of thirteen.
Let us begin with the great enemy himself, always
remembering that though we may give the English for
the sake of clearness, the gematria always refers to
the original Hebrew or Greek:
Satan, in Hebrew = 364 (13x28)
Satan, in Greek = 2197 (133)
"That old serpent, even Satan" (o
ofiV o arcaioV...kai
o SatanaV) = 2756 (13x212)
"Ha-Seraph" (Num 21:8) = 585 (13x45)
Beelzebub (with art.) = 598 (13x46)
Belial - 78 (13x6)
Dragon (Rev 12:9) = 975 (13x75)
Serpent = 780 (13x60)
Murderer = 1820 (13x140)
Tempter = 1053 (13x81)
The Scape-goat = 585 (13x45)
The Lion (Psa 91:13) = 338 (13x26)
"As a Lion" (1 Peter 5:8) = 1885
"The Power of the Enemy" (Luke 10:9)
= 2509 (13x193)
"Your adversary, the Devil, as a roaring
lion" = 6032 (13x464)
Fowler (Psa 91:3) = 416 (13x32)
"Who is called the Devil and Satan"
(o kaloumenoV diaboloV kai o
SatanaV) = 2197 (133)
"Seven Devils" = 572 (13x44)
"Because the Prince of this world is
judged" (John 16:11) = 5577 (132x33)
"When he speaketh a lie he speaketh of
his own, for he is a liar" (John 8:44) =
where the Devil is first mentioned and revealed.
The opening words:
"The Serpent was more subtle than all the
beasts of the field" = 1521 (132x9)
The history of the Temptation, vv 1-7 = 24011
The second section (vv 8-11) = 49478
The third section (vv 22-24), which
records the expulsion from Eden = 10894 (13x838)
The whole chapter = 84383 (13x6491)
Eve's confession (v 13) = 3692 (13x284)
Verse 8, which describes the act of the LORD
God, is, on the contrary, 4064 (8x508)
Verse 21, which records the Divinely prepared
clothing in grace = 2856 (7x8x51)
Verse 15, which we might expect to find
significant, being the great primeval prophetic
promise, is 4266 (33x158); where we
have the 42, the 66, of Antichrist, and the 9 of
Verse 16, containing the hope of the promised
seed, added to v 15 = 8512 (8000+83)
"The piercing Serpent, even
Leviathan" = 1170 (13x90)
"That crooked Serpent" = 1014 (132x6)
"The Dragon that is in the sea" =
Rejoice not thou, whole Palestina, because the
rod of him that smote thee is broken: for out of
the serpent's root shall come forth a cockatrice
(marg. adder), and his fruit shall be a
fiery flying serpent" = 5369 (13x413)
"Thou smotest the heads of Leviathan in
pieces, and gavest him for meat for the people
in the wilderness" = 3510 (13x270; or
13x6x45; or 13x33x10)
The whole verse = 12090 (13x930)
The locusts = 351 (13x33)
"They have a king, the angel of the
abyss" = 3978 (13x306)
"According to the course of this world,
according to the prince of the power of the
air" = 9178* (13x706)
"The power of the air" = 2600
* Ninety-one hundred being 13x700;
and 78 being 13x6.
"Lightning from heaven" = 2626
"And He said, I beheld Satan as lightning
fall from heaven" = 6903 (13x531)
"But against principalities, against
powers, against the rulers of the darkness of
this world, against spiritual wickedness in high
places" = 16211 (13x1247)
"An offence unto me" (skandalon
mou) = 936 (13x72)
THE HUMAN ADVERSARIES
present the same peculiar phenomena:
Asshur = 169 (132)*
"The man of sin" = 13062 (133x6)
"The man who took not God for his
strength" = 2197 (133)**
* Nimrod exhibits a number
connected with Antichrist, being 294, or 7x42.
** The whole of Psalm 52 = 19572 (42x466).
THE BOOK OF ESTHER
reveals the same law in operation. Having
diligently cast the horoscope (as Pur,
rw@p means: see Isa
47:13), Haman found the most favourable time for
carrying out his designs as "the Jews'
* A term applied to none but
Haman. See Esth 3:10, 7:6, 8:1, 9:10,14.
Esther 3:7 tells us that for 12
months the horoscope was consulted "in the first
of the month...from day to day, and from month to
month, to the twelfth month." Then (v
12) on the thirteenth day of the first month
(i.e., the thirteenth month from the time
they commenced) the favourable day was found. Then
(3:13) the letters were prepared, and upon "one
day, even upon the thirteenth day of the
twelfth month" (at the end of the second year),
the Jews were all to be put to death. On that day
came the deliverance (8:12, etc.). Thus we have
three thirteens connected with this gigantic
effort of the great enemy to destroy the Lord's
people, and with them, of course, the promised seed.
This is the ultimate object of the great enemy in
all his designs against God's people.
On the other hand, we see the multiples of the
dominical eight in the Lord's people:
Son of Jair
Son of Shimei
son of Kish
That is Esther
On the other hand we have:
Bigthan 455 (13x35)
Haman the Agagite 117 (13x9)
Zeresh (his wife) 507 (13x13x3)
Haman's sons present a curious phenomenon. In
every Hebrew manuscript these names are presented
This peculiarity has been
preserved not only in all the manuscripts, but in
every printed edition of the Hebrew Text. No scribe
or editor has ventured to change this form of their
Various conjectures have been made both by the
ancient Jewish and modern commentators as to the
reason why these names are always presented thus;
but no one seems to have looked upon the names as an
addition sum (regarding of course each letter as a
figure). Treated thus the sum of the names amounts
to 10244 or 13x788.
The whole family is 10868 or 13x836.
THE ADVERSARIES OF CHRIST
"The Scribes" = 780 (13x60)
"The Scribes and Pharisees,
hypocrites" = 2704 (132x16)
"Woe!" = 481 (13x37)
"Leaven of Pharisees and Sadducees"
= 3718 (132x22)
"A wicked and adulterous generation"
= 1365 (13x105)
The Scriptures concerning Barabbas
Matt 27:20: "But the chief priests and
elders persuaded the people that they should ask
Barabbas, and destroy Jesus" = 10127
The elders = 1352 (13x104)
The multitude = 2340 (13x180)
Matt 27:16: "And they had then a notable
prisoner, called Barabbas" = 2743 (13x211)
Mark 15:6: "Now at that feast he released
unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they
desired" = 910 (13x70)
Luke 23:18: "And they cried out all at
once, saying, Away with this man, and release
unto us Barabbas" = 9347 (13x719)
John 18:40: "Then cried they all again,
saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas
was a robber." In this verse we have--
"Then cried they all again" =
"Not this man, but = 1300 (13x100)
"Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a
robber" = 1833 (13x141)
Total = 5733 (13x441)
The Scriptures concerning Judas
Luke 22:3: "Then entered Satan into Judas
surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the
twelve" = 8359 (13x643)
Verse 47, "And he that was called Judas,
one of the twelve" = 3458 (13x266)
John 12:4: "Judas Iscariot, he that
should betray Him" = 4511 (13x347)
John 13:26: "Jesus answered, He it is to
whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it.
And when He had dipped the sop, He gave it to
Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon" = 19435
The last clause ("when," etc.) =
Matt 26:48: "Now he that betrayed Him
gave them a sign, saying Whomsoever I shall
kiss, that same is He; hold Him fast" =
So with Acts 1:16; Mark 14:44,45, and all the
Verse 25, "Why did the heathen
rage?" = 1560 (13x120)
Verse 26, "The kings of the earth stood
up, and the rulers were gathered together
against the Lord, and against His Christ" =
Verse 27, "Both Herod and Pontius Pilate
with the Gentiles" = 3926 (13x302)
Simon Magus (with art.) = 1170 (13x90)
Elymas = 676 (132x4)
"Certain sons of one Sceva, a Jew, and
chief of the priests, seven" (Acts 19:14) =
The Adversaries named by St. Paul
Hermogenes (2 Tim 1:15) = 481 (13x37)
Philetus (2 Tim 2:17) = 1118 (13x86)
The Whole Group
Hymenaeus and Alexander (1 Tim 1:20)
Phygellus and Hermogenes (2 Tim 1:15)
Hymenaeus and Philetus (2 Tim 2:17)
Demas (2 Tim 4:10)
Total = 5226 (13x402)
John in his Epistles and the
Rev 2:20: "That woman Jezebel" =
Rev 3:1: Sardis = 520 (13x40)
1 John 2:18=22: Antichrists = 1651 (13x127)
The Antichrist = 1911 (13x147)
"The last time" = 2015 (13x155)
"This is that spirit of
Antichrist" = 4836 (13x372)
1 John 4:3: "And every spirit that
confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the
flesh, is not of God: and this is that spirit of
Antichrist" = 17329 (13x1333)
1 John 2:22: "That denieth the
Father" = 1963 (13x151)
"But he that denieth that Jesus is
the Christ" = 4992 (13x384)
2 John 7: "The many deceivers" = 611
"This is the deceiver" = 2106
"The Antichrist" = 1911 (13x147)
Deceiver = 169 (132)
13:1: "The sand of the sea" = 1716
"The sea" = 1157 (13x89)
"A beast rise up out of the sea"
= 1664 (13x128)
a wild beast = 117 (13x9)
Verse 11, The whole verse = 6318 (13x486)
beast = 247 (13x19)
"hallo theerion," another beast =
"He had two horns" = 1521 (132x9)
"And he had two horns like a
lamb" = 2704 (132x16)
Verse 15, "The image of the beast" =
Verse 18, "The mark of the beast" =
"The number of the beast" (acc.
with article) = 2607 (13x159)
17:1: "The great whore" = 403
Verse 5, "The mother of harlots" =
"Mystery, Babylon the great, the
mother of harlots and abominations" =
19:20: "The beast...and with him the
false prophet who doeth wonders before him"
= 8489 (13x653)
"The harlot, the beast, and the false
prophet" = 3510 (13x270). The false
Trinity is marked by 3x3x3x10x13.
The whole verse = 25441 (13x1957)
22:15: "Dogs, and sorcerers, and
whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and
whatsoever loveth and maketh a lie" = 8710
8:10: "A great star" = 858 (13x66)
8:11: "Wormwood" = 1040 (13x80)
20:8: "Gog" = 806 (13x62) (Greek)
"Magog" = 52 (13x4)
Ezekiel's Prophecy of Gog
38:2: "The chief prince of Meschech"
(the title of Gog) = 1222 (13x94)
39:11: "Hamon-Gog" (the burying
place of Gog) = 113
"All his multitude" = 156
The whole prophecy of Ezekiel concerning him (Eze
38:2 and 39:29) = 204256 (13x15712)
The last portion, 39:16-29 = 55887 (13x4299)
Verses 3-9 = 230464 (13x17728)
Verses 14 and 15 = 30940 (13x2380)
Verse 15, "Judgment" = 390 (13x30)
Verse 11 "The error of Balaam" =
"Kore" = 195 (13x15)
2 Thessalonians 2:3
"The apostasy" = 871 (13x67)
"The man of sin" = 1963 (13x151)
"The son of perdition" = 1807
"Son of perdition" with v 4 = 13182
Thus, no matter in what way we look at the
recurrence of these two numbers, we see the same law
pervading the history. A few miscellaneous examples
In Gen 10 we have the scattering of the
nations, and their division through the earth.
It happened in the days of Peleg, the gematria
of whose name is one hundred and thirteen.
The Scripture recording it (Gen 10:25-29) =
Salah (Peleg's grandfather) was 338 (132x2)
When Uzziah apostatised (2 Chron 26) it was
after he had reigned 52 years (4x13)
Jeroboam II had 40 years of prosperity, and
then 12 of apostasy = 52 (4x13)
Joash reigned 39 years (3x13), and then
apostatised (2 Chron 23, 24)
In the 13th year of Josiah, Jeremiah began to
prophesy against the apostasy of Judah.
Cain has no chronology, and Saul has none,
except the last year, which was the first of
David's, and of which 13 is a factor.
Solomon was 13 years building his own
house, which was so full of apostasy. (But he
was 7 years building the LORD's house.)
The Number of those who died in
was 250 + 14700 = 14950 (13x1150). See Num
The Valley of Hinnom
(or of the son or children of Hinnom) occurs 13
times. It was the scene of the idolatrous and
inhuman rites of Moloch introduced
by Solomon (1 Kings 11:7). The casting of children
into the fire in that valley made it the fit symbol
of the future punishment of sinners, who are to be
cast into the lake of fire, and gave rise to the
word Gehenna, from the Hebrew Mn$@hi
)ygi Gee-Hinnom, Valley of Hinnom. The
13 occurrences, which contain the whole history of
the valley, are worthy of connected study (Josh
15:8,18, 18:16, twice; 2 Kings 23:10; 2 Chron 28:3,
33:6; Neh 11:30; Jer 7:31,32, 19:2,6, 32:35).
Thus the two numbers 8 and 13 are like two
threads--gold and crimson--which run through the
whole of Divine Revelation, continually crossing and
recrossing each other.
There is, however, one very important branch of
this part of our subject still remaining, and that
THE CONNECTION OF THE NUMBER THIRTEEN
WITH SUBSTITUTION AND ATONEMENT
The Saviour, though without sin, was "made
sin," or a sin-offering, for His people. He was
"wounded for our transgressions," and
bruised for their iniquities. He was, in fact,
"NUMBERED WITH THE TRANSGRESSORS" (Isa
Therefore this number is not only the
all-pervading factor of SIN, but also of sin's
atonement. It is not only the number which brands
the sinner as a rebel against God, but it is the
number borne by the sinner's Substitute.
His very names in the Old Testament, before the
work of Atonement was entered on or accomplished,
are all multiples of 13, just as His names,
afterwards in the New Testament and when the work of
Atonement was carried out, are all multiples of 8.
Christ 1480 (8x185)
Lord 800 (8x100)
Our Lord 1768 (8x221)
Saviour 1408 (8x8x22)
Emmanuel 25600 (8x8x8x50)
Messiah 656 (8x82)
Son 880 (8x110)
The Old Testament names are:--
Jehovah = 26 (13x2)
Adonai = 65 (13x5)
Ha-Elohim = 91 (13x7)
Messiah, as given in Psalm 2, a form in which
it occurs 10 times, "His Anointed" =
364 (13x28)--the very number of Satan himself.
But note here the marvellous combination of the
other factors, 2, 5, and 7, the significance of
which we need not dwell upon after
all that we have said about them as indicating incarnation,
grace, and spiritual perfection.
Truly, it is written, "Cursed is every one
that hangeth on a tree." Hence the numerical
value of the very word "anathema", curse,
is 546 (13x42), and it occurs 6 times.
which records the first type of this Lamb of God,
the sinner's substitute, exhibits the number 13.
"And Abel, he also brought of the
firstlings of his flock, and of the fat thereof.
And the LORD had respect unto Abel and his
offering." The verse amounts to 2093
Verse 7, where we have a further reference to
this offering = 5421 (13x3x139)
Abel suffered; Cain sinned; Seth was the
substitute for Abel. Hence the three names are:
Their whole history (Gen 4:1-25) amounts to 76882
The great chapter on Atonement is most
remarkable. We cannot give the whole chapter; but
Verses 2-4, which describe Aaron's
preparations = 15015 (13x5x7x33)
Verses 5-11, the choosing of the victims, down
to the sacrificing of the bullock = 24739
Verses 12-14, the burning of the sweet
incense, and the seven-fold sprinkling of the
blood before the mercy-seat = 13377 (13x3x73).
With this we may compare the words in Eph
5:25,26, "And gave Himself for it, that He
might sanctify it" = 4459 (13x7)
Verses 15,16, the atonement of the holy place
= 13637 (13x1049)
Verses 17-34, the high priest entering alone,
ending with the everlasting statute = 80613 (132x32x53)
Verses 20-23, the scape-goat's dismissal =
Verses 24-27, the purification of the priest
and his assistants = 18993 (13x3x487)
The latter two together (verses 20-27) = 39663
The scape-goat = 585 (13x45)
Verse 20, the choosing of the goat = 3575
Verses 21-23, the driving of the goat = 17095
Verses 24-27, the rest of the atonement =
It may be observed that the serpent (Ha-Seraph)
is also 585, exactly the same number as the scape-goat.
Verses 6,7, which speak of the sin, the
judgment, and the prayer = 7241 (13x557)
Verse 8 "And the LORD said unto Moses,
make thee a fiery serpent" = 1664
"And set it upon a pole; and it shall
come to pass that every one that is
bitten" = 1430 (13x110)
Verses 8,9 = 8886
The Lord's own reference to Num 21 = 2366 (132x14)
who was the type of Christ in substitution, has,
as the factor of his name, 13 as well as 8. It is
Isaac's history, too, in Gen 22:1-19 (the eighth
of the Divine interviews and covenants), amounts to
54808, or (13x8x17x31).
The Sacrifice of Job for his Friends
Job 42:8 = 6721 (13x517)
The Atonement after Korah's Rebellion
Numbers 16, "When Aaron stood between the
living and the dead."
Verses 45-47 = 8138 (13x2x313)
Verses 45-50 = 20501 (13x19x83)
Verses 2-4 = 7995 (13x15x41)
Verses 1-5 = 13286 (13x1022)
Verses 6-8 = 8749 (13x673)
52:14-53:10 = 36582 (13x42x67)
52:1-12 also equals 36582. Thus the lifting up
of the voice of joy in Zion, and the lifting up
of the Son of Man, present the very same number.
52 and 53 = 84123 (13x9x719)
Verse 7 = 1391 (13x107)
Verse 8 "Damascus" = 444
Verse 9 = 4017 (13x309)
The Day of Atonement
Lev 23:26,27 = 6526 (13x502)
Lev 23:27,28 = 5187 (3x13x133)
The three verses = 21164 (13x4x407), or
"Abomination of desolation" = 966
"Abomination" = 546 (42x13)
"Desolation" = 420 (42x10)
Verse 26 Messiah shall be cut off = 988
Verse 25 "Unto Messiah" = 432 (2x8x33).
Verse 25 "Messiah the Prince" = 425
Verse 24 "To anoint the most holy" =
Verse 24 "The most holy" = 858
The entire prophecy = 43554 (42x17x61)
Compare Matt 24:15 in the Greek:
"Abomination" = 855 (9x19x5)
"Desolation" = 2158 (13x166)
While the phrase "abomination of
desolation" = 2666, the whole quotation,
"the abomination of desolation spoken of by
Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy
place" = 9373 (13x721)
1 Corinthians 15:3
"Christ died for our sins" = 5616
2 Corinthians 5:17-21
The whole passage is 53365, or (13x4105)
"Now is the Son of Man glorified" =
"God is glorified in Him" = 2197 (133)
"God shall glorify Him in Himself" =
Verse 6 "He died for the ungodly"
Verse 8 "We being sinners" = 4290
Verse 9 "Being justified now by His
blood" = 4602 (13x3x118)
Verse 9 "From wrath" = 1040 (13x80)
Verse 9 "through whom we have now
received the atonement" = 1989 (13x153)
1 Corinthians 2:2
"Him crucified" = 3211 (132x19)
"But God forbid that I should glory, save
in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom
the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the
world" = 16367 (13x1259)
Verse 8 "Obedient unto death, even the
death of the cross" = 4745 (13x5x73)
Whole of verse 8 = 11804 (13x908)
Verse 7 "He made Himself of no
reputation" = 1911 (13x3x72)
Verse 7 "The form of a servant" =
Verses 5-9 = 42328 (13x8x407)
The whole verses = 22282 (13x1714)
"Blotting out the handwriting of
ordinances that was against us" = 4407
"Which was contrary to us, even it He
took out of the way, nailing it to His cross;
and having spoiled principalities and
powers" = 13065 (13000+5x13)
"He made a show of them openly,
triumphing over them in it" = 5018 (13x386)
Turning once more to the number eight, it
is remarkable that:--
THE RISEN CHRIST
was seen by 512 persons. And 512 is the cube of 8
THE NUMBER OF THE DISCIPLES
gathered in the upper room (Acts 1:15) was 120
1 PETER 3
Verse 20 "A few...were saved" = 1480
the number of "Christos" CristoV;
"that is eight souls" = 4536. Total
On the other hand we have:--
"The days of Noah" = 1209 (13x31x3)
Verse 22 "Who is on the right hand of
God" = 2224 (8x278)
The angel's words = 5688 (8x711)
"Nazareth," the scene of the
Annunciation = 464 (8x58)
But "Jesus of Nazareth" = 2197 (133)
EIGHT IN THE APOCALYPSE
We see not only the number seven stamping
the book throughout with spiritual perfection, but
as it contains also the history which leads up to
resurrection and the new heavens and earth, the
number eight is also seen.
There are 24 elders (3x8)
Four beasts, each with six wings = 24 (3x8)
Twelve thousand from each tribe, 12000 =
144000 for all the tribes = 82x152x10;
the same number of virgins who follow the Lamb
1600 furlongs, the measure of the winepress
(8x8x25), or (82x52)
The 1000 years (8x125)
The 12000 cubits' length of the
"four-square" city (8x15x100)
THE NUMBER OF OCCURRENCES
of the word zumh (zumee),
"leaven," in the New Testament is thirteen,
and it is significant of its connection with
corruption, as denoting apostasy from the truth.
It is surely impossible to explain all this
evidence on the doctrine of chances. There must be
design. And design so perfect, so uniform, so
significant can only be Divine. And being Divine is
an unanswerable argument in favour of the verbal and
even literal inspiration of the Scriptures of Truth.