It has been already pointed out that ten is
one of the perfect numbers, and signifies the
perfection of Divine order, commencing, as it
does, an altogether new series of numbers. The first
decade is the representative of the whole numeral
system, and originates the system of calculation
called "decimals," because the whole system
of numeration consists of so many tens, of
which the first is a type of the whole.
Completeness of order, marking the entire round of
anything, is, therefore, the ever-present
signification of the number ten. It implies
that nothing is wanting; that the number and order are
perfect; that the whole cycle is complete.
completed the antediluvian age in the tenth
generation from God.
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
contain all that is necessary, and no more than is
necessary, both as to their number and their order,
THE LORD'S PRAYER
is completed in ten clauses. *
* These clauses have the
significance of their respective numbers:
The first, God's sovereignty.
The second, Jehovah's manifested Name.
The third, the realization of God's
The fourth first mentions the earth.
The fifth, the gift of grace supplying our
The sixth treats of man's sin.
The seventh pleads for spiritual
The eighth pleads for final deliverance from
The ninth sums up the divine glory (32),
The tenth completes the eternal cycles.
represent the whole of what was due from man to
God, as marking and recognisiing God's claim on the
THE REDEMPTION MONEY
was ten gerahs, and thus was acknowledged
both what God claimed, and what man was responsible to
give. Now ten gerahs was half a
shekel (Exo 30:12-16; Num 3:47). Every male that was
numbered, over 20 years of age, must pay this sum and
meet God's claim. *
* When David numbered the
people (2 Sam 24 and 1 Chron 21), this payment was
not made and God's claim was not met. Hence the
judgment which followed.
But the first-born were to pay ten times as
much; for when God took the Levites instead of the
first-born of Israel, there were found 22,273
first-born males, but only 22,000 Levites. So that 273
had to pay the ransom money, which amounted to ten
times ten gerahs. Thus, though the five shekels
looked like a variation, the significance of ten
is sustained, for the five shekels were ten
times the "half shekel." (See Numbers
THE TEN PLAGUES
were representative of the complete circle of God's
judgments on Egypt. Exodus 9:14, "I will...send
all my plagues."
is comprised in the ten kingdoms, symbolized
by the ten toes on the feet of the image of
Nebuchadnezzar's dream (Dan 2:41), and by the ten
horns of the fourth beast of Daniel's vision (Dan
7:7,20,24, etc.; Rev 12:3, 13:1, 17:3,7,12).
imply the whole of the nations which are to be the
scene of Abraham's covenant possessions (Gen 15:19).
was proved by a completed cycle of ten
His departure from Haran.
His flight to Egypt from the famine.
In the seizure of Sarah.
In his war to rescue Lot.
In his taking Hagar.
In his circumcision.
In the second seizure of Sarah at Gerar.
In the expulsion of Ishmael.
In the expulsion of Hagar.
In the offering of Isaac.
THE TEN REBELLIONS
of Israel in the wilderness (Num 14:22) mark the
completed series of Israel's perversities.
THE SILVER SOCKETS
which formed the foundation of the Tabernacle were
10 x 10 (Exo 38:27). These were made of silver, and
silver is significant of redemption (1 Peter
* Ten also completed the
number of the curtains (Exo 26:1).
FIRE CAME DOWN FROM HEAVEN
ten times, six of which were in
Genesis 19:24, on Sodom.
Leviticus 9:24, on the first offerings.
Leviticus 10:2, on Nadab and Abihu.
Numbers 11:1, on the murmurers at Taberah.
Numbers 16:35, on Korah and his company.
1 Kings 18:38, on Elijah's offering at Carmel.
2 Kings 1:10, on Elijah's enemies.
2 Kings 1:12, on Elijah's enemies.
1 Chronicles 21:26, on David's sacrifice.
2 Chronicles 7:1, on Solomon's sacrifice.
TEN TIMES THE PEOPLE SHOUTED FOR JOY
Leviticus 9:24, when the fire from heaven
consumed the first sacrifices.
Joshua 6:20, at the taking of Jericho.
1 Samuel 4:5, when the Ark was brought into the
1 Samuel 10:24, when Saul was chosen king.
1 Samuel 17:20, when Israel went to fight the
1 Samuel 17:52, when pursuing them.
2 Samuel 6:15 (1 Chron 15:28), when the Ark was
brought back from the house of Obed-edom.
2 Chronicles 13:15, when God smote Jeroboam
2 Chronicles 15:14, when Asa and the people
heard Oded's prophecy.
Ezra 3:11, when the foundation of the second
Temple was laid.
THE TEN VIRGINS
represent the whole of the nation of Israel (as
distinct from the elect remnant, which is the Bride);
* while the five denotes those who by grace
will be able to say, "This is our God, we have
waited for Him."
* The popular interpretation of
this parable cannot be the correct one, for we
cannot, in one parable, take two totally different
classes of persons as representing one and the same
person. It is impossible to take the Church
as represented by both the Ten Virgins and the
Bride! If the Church is the Bride, then it cannot be
the Virgins. If the Church is represented by the Ten
Virgins, then it cannot be the Bride. The only
escape from the dilemma is not to read into
the Gospel of Matthew that which was the subject of
a subsequent revelation (Rom 16:25,26; Eph 3:1-11;
Col 1:26,27); but to interpret Matthew by what was
already the subject of previous revelation in the
Old Testament about the Bride.
GOD'S RIGHTEOUS CURSES
are completed in a series of ten:
Genesis 3:14, 15, on the serpent.
Genesis 3:17, the ground.
Genesis 4:11, Cain.
Genesis 9:25, Cainan.
Joshua 6:17, Jericho.
Joshua 6:28, Achan, Joshua 7:12, Achan.
Joshua 9:23, Gibeonites.
Judges 9:57, Shechemites.
1 Kings 16:34, Hiel the Bethelite.
Mark 11:21, The Fig-tree.
"I HAVE SINNED."
Ten * persons complete the series of those
who uttered this confession, and acknowledged their
desert of divine judgment:
* Of these ten, six were
individual (the number of man), while four
were on behalf of the nation"We."
is spoken of ten times as the
"Tabernacle of Witness," or "Tabernacle
of Testimony." Of these, five are Nk@#:$mi
mish-kahn, Exodus 38:21; Numbers 1:50,53
(twice), 10:11. This has special reference to the
Tabernacle as the dwelling-place of God, from Nka#$af
shahcan, "to dwell." Mish-kahn
means the dwelling-place of God (Exo 25:8), and is
therefore never used by the Holy Spirit of "whole
The other five are lhe)&
oh-el, Numbers 17:7,8,10, 18:2; 2 Chronicles
24:6. Oh-el means simply a tent, and has
special reference to the meeting-place of the people
by appointment or at appointed seasons. This is the
word which is used by the Holy Spirit of the
"tent of the congregation."
THE TEN WORDS OF PSALM 119
complete the cycle of the Divine description of His
Word. One or other of these ten words occurs in
every verse (except 122), viz., Way, Testimony,
Precepts, Commandments, Laying, Law, Judgment,
Righteousness, Statutes, Word. These, the Massorah
says, "correspond to the Ten Commandments."
THE TENTH GENERATION
completed and represented the whole existence of
the family or nation. In Deuteronomy 23:3 we read that
"an Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the
congregation of the LORD; even to their tenth
generation shall they not enter into the congregation
of the LORD for ever." The reason is given in
verses 4 and 5. See also Nehemiah 13:1.
THE PARABLES OF THE KINGDOM
are ten in number in the Gospel of Matthew. Seven
in chapter 13, and three in chapters 22 and 25.
THE UNRIGHTEOUS WHO SHALL NOT ENTER
the kingdom of God are enumerated in ten
particulars (1 Cor 6:9,10).
THE SECURITY OF THE SAINTS
is set forth in a ten-fold enumeration, which
completes the whole cycle of assurance to all who are
"in Christ," Romans 8:38,39. They are given
in two fives: "For I am persuaded, that
neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor
principalities, nor powers; nor things present, nor
things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other
THE TEN I AM'S OF JESUS IN JOHN
"I am the Bread of Life" (6:35).
"I am the Bread of Life which came down
from heaven" (6:41).
"I am the Living Bread" (6:51).
"I am the Light of the world" (8:12).
"I am One that bear witness of Myself"
"I am the Door of the sheep" (10:7,9).
"I am the Good Shepherd" (10:14).
"I am the Resurrection and the Life"
"I am the Way, the Truth, and the
"I am the True Vine" (15:1,5).
THE REPEATED NAMES
Ten completes the perfect cycle of the
repeated Names. Moreover we shall note that these are
divided significantly. Of these ten,
seven are spoken directly to individual human beings,
while three are spoken by the Lord in different
connections. Of these seven, four are in the Old
Testament, and three are in the New Testament.
Abraham, Abraham, Genesis 22:11.
Jacob, Jacob, Genesis 46:2.
Moses, Moses, Exodus 3:4.
Samuel, Samuel, 1 Samuel 3:10.
Martha, Martha, Luke 10:41.
Simon, Simon, Luke 22:31.
Saul, Saul, Acts 9:4.
Lord, Lord, Matthew 7:21,22, 25:11; Luke 6:46;
Eloi, Eloi, Mark 15:34; Matthew 27:46; Psa 22:1.
Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Matthew 23:37; Luke 13:34.
WORDS AND PHRASES WHICH OCCUR TEN TIMES
among these may be mentioned:
the crown of the Ark of the Covenant.
Laver, ten times in Exodus and Leviticus
with regard to the Tabernacle; and ten
times in Kings and Chronicles with regard to the
the foot or base of the laver.
holy (7 of these are in the plural for the Holy of
Almighty, used only of God (9 times in
katabolh kosmou (katabolee
kosmou), the foundation of the world. (See pp.
legei kuriou (legei
kuriou), saith the Lord (omitting Heb 10:30
with RV, T., Tr., W. & H., and RV).
calls attention to the fact that there are:
Ten different words used for Idols.
Ten for Prophet, viz., Ambassador, Faithful,
Servant, Messenger, Seer, Watchman, Seer of
Vision, Dreamer, Prophet, Man of God (Avoth, ch.
Ten designations are applied to the Word of God,
viz., Scripture, Proverb, Interpretation, Dark
Saying, Oracle, Utterance, Decree, Burden,